Surah Al-Balad

Surah 90: Balad, or “The City,” 

Reproduced from the original English translation of the Qur’ān by Abdullah Yūsuf ‘Alī (April 1934)


١– لَا أُقْسِمُ بِهَـٰذَا الْبَلَدِ
٢- وَأَنتَ حِلٌّ بِهَـٰذَا الْبَلَدِ
٣- وَوَالِدٍ وَمَا وَلَدَ
٤- لَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ فِي كَبَدٍ
٥- أَيَحْسَبُ أَن لَّن يَقْدِرَ عَلَيْهِ أَحَدٌ
٦- يَقُولُ أَهْلَكْتُ مَالًا لُّبَدًا
٧- أَيَحْسَبُ أَن لَّمْ يَرَهُ أَحَدٌ
٨- أَلَمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُ عَيْنَيْنِ
٩- وَلِسَانًا وَشَفَتَيْنِ
١٠- وَهَدَيْنَاهُ النَّجْدَيْنِ
١١- فَلَا اقْتَحَمَ الْعَقَبَةَ
١٢- وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْعَقَبَةُ
١٣- فَكُّ رَقَبَةٍ
١٤- أَوْ إِطْعَامٌ فِي يَوْمٍ ذِي مَسْغَبَةٍ
١٥- يَتِيمًا ذَا مَقْرَبَةٍ
١٦- أَوْ مِسْكِينًا ذَا مَتْرَبَةٍ
١٧- ثُمَّ كَانَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْمَرْحَمَةِ
١٨- أُولَـٰئِكَ أَصْحَابُ الْمَيْمَنَةِ
١٩- وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا بِآيَاتِنَا هُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْمَشْأَمَةِ
٢٠- عَلَيْهِمْ نَارٌ مُّؤْصَدَةٌ


1. I do call to witness this City;-

2. And thou art a freeman of this City;-

3. And (the mystic ties of) parent and child;-

4. Verily We have created man into toil and struggle.

5. Thinketh he, that none hath power over him?

6. He may say (boastfully); Wealth have I squandered in abundance!

7. Thinketh he that none beholdeth him?

8. Have We not made for him a pair of eyes?-

9. And a tongue, and a pair of lips?-

10. And shown him the two highways?

11. But he hath made no haste on the path that is steep.

12. And what will explain to thee the path that is steep?-

13. (It is:) freeing the bondman;

14. Or the giving of food in a day of privation

15. To the orphan with claims of relationship,

16. Or to the indigent (down) in the dust.

17. Then will he be of those who believe, and enjoin patience, (constancy, and self-restraint), and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion.

18. Such are the Companions of the Right Hand.

19. But those who reject Our Signs, they are the (unhappy) Companions of the Left Hand.

20. On them will be Fire vaulted over (all round).


1. Laaa uqsimu bihaazal balad

2. Wa anta hillum bihaazal balad

3. Wa waalidinw wa maa walad

4. Laqad khalaqnal insaana fee kabad

5. Ayahsabu al-lai yaqdira ‘alaihi ahad

6. Yaqoolu ahlaktu maalal lubadaa

7. Ayahsabu al lam yarahooo ahad

8. Alam naj’al lahoo ‘aynayn

9. Wa lisaananw wa shafatayn

10. Wa hadaynaahun najdayn

11. Falaq tahamal-‘aqabah

12. Wa maaa adraaka mal’aqabah

13. Fakku raqabah

14. Aw it’aamun fee yawmin zee masghabah

15. Yateeman zaa maqrabah

16. Aw miskeenan zaa matrabah

17. Summa kaana minal lazeena aamanoo wa tawaasaw bissabri wa tawaasaw bilmarhamah

18. Ulaaa’ika As-haabul maimanah

19. Wallazeena kafaroo bi aayaatinaa hum as-haabul Mash’amah

20. Alaihim naarum mu’sadah

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