Privacy Policy

Last modified on December 8, 2020.

Welcome to Ijmāʿ-on-Slavery ( Our goal is to facilitate discussion of the plight of the more than 15 million people living in slavery in the Muslim world.  Islamic Scholars are invited to join the discussion through the website and associated applications, by registering with and posting their contributions through the Scholar-Contributor Portal, and by accessing all associated content and services (collectively, the “Service).

This Privacy Policy describes’s privacy practices, including collection, storage, and protection of your data and information, and your choices about the collection and use of your information.  If you choose to access the Service, you agree to let us collect and use your information as outlined in this Privacy Policy. We will not use or share your information with anyone except as described in this document. 

Please read this Privacy Policy carefully as it will help you make informed decisions about sharing your personal information with us.  If there are any terms in this Privacy Policy that you do not agree with, please discontinue use of the Service.  If you have any questions or concerns about our Privacy Policy or our practices with respect to your personal information, please contact us using the Inquire form.


What is Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

Personally Identifiable Information refers to data and information that can, either on it’s own or in conjunction with other information, reveal an individual’s identity. 


Information We Collect

We collect the following types of information.

Information you provide us directly

In short: We collect personal information that you voluntarily provide to us when using the Service, including your name, username, password, nickname for display, email address, and any other personal information you voluntarily provide for your bio

When you fill out a form on the Service, create an account as a Scholar-Contributor, post User Content, or otherwise interact with the Service, we may collect and store personally identifiable information about you.  The information we collect and store depends on the nature of your interactions with the Service, the choices you make, and the aspects and features of the Service that you use. The information we collect and store may include the following:

  • Information you provide when you sign up with the Service or register an account with the Scholar-Contributor Portal, including username, password, and email address.
  • Profile information that you voluntarily provide for your account, such as your name, picture, and biographical information.
  • User Content you submit through your access to the Service.
  • Communications between you and For example, we may send Service-related communications to any email address you provide for things like account verification, changes to the Service, technical and security notices, etc.

All information that you voluntarily provide must be accurate and complete, and you must notify us of any changes to such information.

Information we automatically collect

In short: certain information, such as your Internet Protocol (IP) address and browser and device characteristics, are automatically collected when you use the Service.

We automatically collect certain non-personally identifying information to understand how visitors use the Service. This information does not reveal your specific identity (like your name and contact information) but may include device and usage information, such as your IP address, browser and device characteristics, operating system, language preferences, device name, country location, and other technical information.  This information may be used to improve our website, personalize your experience, compile analytics reports, and comply with legal and industry standards. 

Whenever you access the Service, we collect information that your browser sends to us called Log Data. Log Data is automatically reported by your browser each time you make a request to access a webpage or application. Log Data can also be provided when the content of a webpage or application is downloaded to your browser or device This Log Data may include information such as your web request, referring/exit pages and URLs, number of clicks and how you interact with links on the Service, domain names, landing pages, pages viewed, the time and date of your visit, the time spent on those pages, and other analytics. We use this information for internal research into our users interests and behaviors for the purpose of Service improvement and security. 

Device identifiers and cookies 

In short: with your consent, we may collect information on your activities in accessing the Service using device identifiers, cookies, and similar technologies.

Like many businesses, we also collect information through device identifiers, cookies, and similar technologies.  If you use a mobile device, such as a tablet or phone, to access our Service, we may access, collect, monitor, store on your device, and/or remotely store one or more device identifiers. Device identifiers are small data files or similar data structures stored on or associated with your mobile device, which uniquely identify your mobile device. A device identifier may be data stored in connection with the device hardware, data stored in connection with the device’s operating system or other software, or data sent to the device by the Service.

Likewise, if you are accessing the Service through an internet browser on a personal computer or laptop, we may collect information using cookies.  Cookies, like device identifiers, are small data files that are used to anonymously identify your browser. These files are sent to your browser from websites you visit and may be stored remotely or on your computer’s hard drive. Their purpose is to remember a user’s previous browsing activity so as to optimize the user’s website experience in the future.  For example, a website might use a cookie to auto-fill a user’s login information the next time he or she visits that website.

Our website uses device identifiers, cookies, and the like to identify visitors, track usage, and to personalize your experience. A device identifier or cookie may deliver information to us or to a third party partner about how long you access the Service, how you navigated to the Service, and may help us or others provide reports or personalized content.  These technologies do not store any personal information about the user.

We only use these technologies with your consent, and you may withdraw that consent at any time through your account preferences or by sending a request through the Inquire form.

Web browser applications, such as internet explorer, safari, etc., also permit a user to alter browser settings to reject these tracking technologies.  A user may prevent all cookies or allow cookies from select websites and applications only.  The process for managing cookies varies depending on the web browser used.  Refer to your web browser’s help menu for further information.

Please note that some features of the Service may not function as well if use or availability of these technologies is impaired or disabled. 


How We Use Your Information

In short: we process your information with your freely given consent to fulfill our obligations to Users, to comply with legal obligations, and to advance our legitimate business interests, including the efficient and effective administration of the Service.

We use personal information about our users to the limited extent needed to advance and effectuate’s objectives.  We process your personal information for these purposes with your consent (“Consent”), to fulfill our obligations to Users (“Contractual Reasons”), to comply with legal obligations (“Legal Reasons”), and for our legitimate business purposes (“Business Purposes”).

We use information from Users for the following:

  • To facilitate account creation and login. With your Consent, we use information you have provided to create your account and ensure you secure access to the Service, including remembering username and password information so you don’t need to reenter it each time you visit the Service, if you so choose.
  • To enable User interaction with the Service. With your Consent, we use information you have provided to maintain your account and associate your User Content therewith.
  • To enforce our terms, conditions, and policies. For Contractual Reasons, Legal Reasons, and/or Business Purposes, we may use your information to ensure compliance with all terms, conditions, and policies.
  • To respond to legal requests and prevent harm or illegal activities. If we receive a legal request, such as a subpoena, or other information indicating a User is engaging in illegal activities using the Service, we may use your information for Legal Reasons.
  • For our Business Purposes. We may use your information for our Business Purposes, such as data analysis, identifying usage trends, determining the effectiveness of promotional campaigns, monitoring, testing, improving, and updating the Service, diagnosing and repairing technical problems, and developing, testing, and providing new products and features.


Disclosure of Personally Identifiable Information

In short: we do not commercialize our Users’ personal information and will share your information with third parties only when legally obligated to do so or when necessary for the management of the Service and our business.

We do not sell or give away any personally identifying information to outside parties. .  We may share your information only under the following circumstances:

  • Legal Compliance. We may disclose your information when we are legally required to do so in order to comply with applicable laws and regulations, governmental requests and requirements, and judicial proceedings, court orders, and other legal processes, including subpoenas, warrants, and other requirements of public authorities for law enforcement and national security purposes.
  • Vital Interests and Legal Rights. We may disclose your information where we believe it is necessary to investigate, prevent, or take action regarding potential violations of our policies, suspected fraud or other illegal activities, situations involving threats to the safety of any person, animal, or other entity, or evidence in any litigation or other legal process in which we are involved.
  • Vendors, Consultants, and Other Third-Party Service Providers. We may share your data with third-party vendors, service providers, contractors, agents, or other third parties who perform services for us or on our behalf and require access to such information to do that work.  Examples may include data analysis, email delivery, hosting services, and support services.  With your consent, we may allow select third parties to use tracking technologies on the Service, which would allow them to collect data about how you interact with the Service over time.  This information may be used to, among other things, analyze and track data, determine the popularity of certain content, and optimize the Service.
  • We may share your information with our affiliates, including any parent or sister companies or subsidiaries, joint venture partners, or other companies that we control or are under common control with
  • Business Transfers. We may share or transfer your information in connection with, or during negotiations for, any merger, sale of company assets, financing, or acquisition of all or any portion of our business to another entity or individual.


Storing and Protecting Your Information

In short: we process, store, and retain your information as outlined in this Privacy Policy only to the extent necessary to operate and fulfill the purposes of the Service, and we aim to protect your information from threats using a system of organizational and technical security measures.


Data storage and processing facilitates a scholarly discussion about the instances and effects of modern-day slavery.  In order to fulfill this purpose, processes and stores certain information about its Users, including personal information and User Content, as outlined throughout this Privacy Policy. maintains its servers and facilities in the United States.  Whatever location you access the Service from, please be aware that we may transfer, process, and store your information in the United States.  Likewise, our affiliates and third-party service providers may transfer, process, and store your information in the United States or in any other country in which they maintain servers or facilities.

If you are a resident of the European Economic Area, please note that the countries in which your information is processed and stored may not have data protection laws as comprehensive as those in your country of residence.  We will, however, always take all necessary steps to protect your information in accordance with this Privacy Policy and applicable law.

Data protection

Security is important to us. We are committed to using reasonable measures to protect your personal information. Accordingly, we have implemented technical and organizational security measures designed to protect User information.  Our security measures include employing firewalls and other technology to prevent attacks on our databases.  We also take commercially reasonably steps to ensure only you can access your account, including verifying your identity through your unique login information. However, we cannot guarantee all information is 100% secure at all times, and while we use best efforts to protect your information, you provide all information at your own risk.

We ask that you please do what you can to help us keep your information safe, including maintaining the secrecy of your unique login information, restricting access to any communications between you and the Service, and accessing the Service only within a secure environment. 

Data retention

We will only keep your personal information for as long as necessary to fulfill our business purposes as set out in this Privacy Policy, unless a longer retention period is required or permitted by law (such as for tax or accounting requirements).  In no instance do we envision a scenario in which we will need to retain your personal information for more than five years after termination of your use of the Service, for example.

Following termination or deactivation of your account, we may retain your personal information and User Content for a commercially reasonable time for backup, archival, and/or audit purposes.  When we have no ongoing legitimate business need to process or retain your personal information, we will either delete or anonymize it; if we cannot do so (for example because your personal information has been stored in backup archives), then we will securely store your information and isolate it from any further processing until deletion becomes possible.

Our Policy Regarding Links to Third-Party Websites

In short: we cannot control, nor are we responsible for, the security of any information that you share with third parties unaffiliated with the Service.

The Service may contain links to other websites that are unaffiliated with If you click on a third-party link, you will be directed to that third party’s website. Note that these external websites are not operated by us, and we cannot implement measures to protect the privacy of any information you share with such websites. Any activity that results in the collection of your information by a third party website is not covered by this Privacy Policy.  We strongly advise you to review the privacy policies of these websites just as we recommend you review and understand our own Privacy Policy. We assume no responsibility for the content, privacy policies, or practices of any third-party websites or services. 


Third Party Services

These third-party services are used to operate the Service:

WordPress: Provides the platform for the Service and manages account data for Scholar-Contributors.

Akismet Anti Spam: All input forms completed by Users are checked by Akismet Anti-Spam.


Our Policy Regarding Minor Children

In short: we do not believe the Service’s contents to be appropriate for children and do not, therefore, knowingly collect information from or market to children under the age of 18.

We do not knowingly solicit or collect information from children under the age of 18.  By using the Service, you represent that you are at least 18 years old or that you are the parent or guardian of a minor and consent to the minor’s use of the Service. If we learn that we have collected personal information from a User under the age of 18 without a parent or guardian’s consent, we will terminate any account and take reasonable measures to promptly delete any associated User Content or other information from our records.  If you believe that we have collected information from a child under the age of 18 without proper consent, please contact us using the Inquire Form.


Privacy Rights Specific to Residents of California

In Short: If you are a resident of the State of California in the United States, you have specific rights regarding access to your personal information.

California Civil Code Section 1798.83 permits California residents to request and obtain, once a year and free of charge, information about categories of personal information (if any) we disclosed to third parties for direct marketing purposes and the names and addresses of all third parties with which we have shared personal information in the immediately preceding calendar year.  Please submit any such request in writing using the Inquire Form.

If you are under 18 years of age, a California resident, and have a registered Scholar-Contributor account with, you have the right to request removal of unwanted information that you publicly post using the Service.  To request removal of such information, please contact us in using the Inquire Form and include the email address associated with your Scholar-Contributor account and a statement that you are a California resident.  We will make sure the information subject to your request is not publicly displayed through the Service, but please be aware that the information may not be completely and comprehensively removed from our systems.


Choices about Your Privacy and Information

In short: you may review and change your Scholar-Contributor account information or terminate your account at any time.  In some regions, such as the European Economic Area, you have rights that allow you greater access to and control over your personal information.

In some regions, such as the European Economic Area, you have certain rights under applicable data protection laws.  These rights may include the right to request access to and obtain a copy of your personal information, request rectification or erasure of certain information, restrict the processing of your personal information, and data portability.  In certain circumstances, you may also have the right to object to the processing of your personal information.  Please submit any such request in writing using the Inquire Form.  We will review, consider, and act upon any request in accordance with applicable data protection laws.

If you previously consented to our data processing and storage policies, you may withdraw that consent at any time by terminating your Scholar-Contributor account and/or ceasing to access the Service.  Please note that your withdrawal of consent will not affect the lawfulness of our data processing prior to your withdrawal.

Upon termination of your Scholar-Contributor account, we will delete your information from our active databases once we have no ongoing legitimate business need for its retention.  Note, however, that we may retain some information as needed to prevent fraud, troubleshoot problems with the Service, comply with legal requirements, assist with law enforcement and national security investigations, and enforce our Terms of Service.

If you are a resident of the European Economic Area and you believe we are unlawfully processing and storing your personal information, you have the right to complain to your local data protection supervisory authority.  You can find the appropriate contact details by searching for “National Data Protection Authorities” online.


Privacy Policy Updates

In Short: We will update this Privacy Policy periodically as necessary to comply with relevant laws.

We may modify and update this Privacy Policy from time to time.  The updated versions will be indicated by an updated “last modified on” date above and will be effective as soon as accessible.  If we make material changes to this Privacy Policy, we may notify you either by prominently posting a notice of such changes to the Service or by directly sending you a notification.  We encourage you to review this Privacy Policy frequently and immediately after any modifications so as to stay informed about how we are protecting your information.


How to Contact Us

If you have any questions about this Privacy Policy or wish to notify us of a potential violation of User privacy rights, please contact our Data Protection Officer, Rachel Winchester, using the Inquire Form.

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